The formation of the world has deep historical stories that are still a mystery for the mankind. The oldest cities in the world boast beautiful architecture and amazing stories, yet remarkably few ancient cities stand today. Though there is no clear information available in the history but there are certain cities that have been the witness of evolution of mankind. Here is the 7 of the oldest cities of the world that still are in existence to visit.

1- Varanasi,India

1000 BC



Varanasi or Banaras is one of the oldest cities of the world which was established in the 11th Situated on the banks of the river Ganga, it is a historical city which is famous for its religious beliefs, temples and the etymological values of the country. Pilgrims from all over the world visit the city to know about the various vistas of India. It is definitely a place to be visited to get etymological essence of India.


2- Jerussalem,Middle East.

2800 BC


The spiritual centre of the Jewish people and Islam’s third-holiest city, Jerusalem is home to several key religious sites, including the Dome of the Rock, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the al-Aqsa Mosque. During its history, the city has been besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, captured 44 times and destroyed twice.

Benjamin Disraeli (1st Earl of Beaconsfield; former UK prime minister): “The view of Jerusalem is the history of the world; it is more, it is the history of earth and of heaven.”

3 — Cadiz,Spain.

1100 BC


Found on a narrow spit of land jutting out into the Atlantic Ocean, Cádiz has been the home of the Spanish navy since the 18th century. It was founded by the Phoenicians as a small trading post and fell to the Carthaginians around 500BC, becoming a base for Hannibal’s conquest of Iberia. It then came under Roman and Moorish rule, before experiencing a renaissance during the Age of Exploration.

4 — Faiyum, Egypt

4000 BC


Southwest of Cairo, Faiyum occupies part of Crocodilopolis — an ancient Egyptian city which worshipped Petsuchos, a sacred crocodile. Modern Faiyum consists of several large bazaars, mosques and baths, while the Lehin and Hawara pyramids are found nearby.

Herodotus (Greek historian): “Egypt is an acquired country, the gift of the river.”

5 — Gaziantep,Turkey.

3650 BC


Found in southern Turkey, close to the border with Syria, Gaziantep’s history extends as far back as the Hittites. The Ravanda citadel — restored by the Byzantines in the sixth century — is found in the city centre, while Roman mosaics have also been discovered.

6 — Athens, Greece

5 th— 4 th MİLLENNİUM BC


The cradle of Western Civilization and the birthplace of democracy, Athens’s heritage is still very evident. It is filled with Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman monuments and remains a hugely popular tourist destination.

Alexander the Great: “How great are the dangers I face to win a good name in Athens.”

7 — Susa, Iran

4200 BC



Susa was the capital of the Elamite Empire before being captured by the Assyrians. It was then taken by the Achaemenid Persian under Cyrus the Great and is the setting of The Persians, an Athenian tragedy by Aeschylus and the oldest surviving play in the history of theatre. The modern city, Shush, has a population of around 65,000.


This article by M. Ali Dogan appeared first here

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